Monday, August 25, 2014

How to Be Fit For Surfing

Click Here! to know more about how to be fit for surfing

Friday, August 8, 2014

Liquid Shredder FSE EPS/PE Soft Surf Board Shredder FSE EPS/PE Soft Surf Board (Red, 6-Feet)

  • Internationally recognized Liquid Shredder Brand economy FSE Series Soft Surfboard "Foamie". Available in bright colors.
  • Foam (EPE) soft foamie deck. Slick, superfast with bottom and wooden stringers for stiffness.
  • EPE Deck with EPS core and PP hard slick bottom. Heat laminated into a cost effective hi-performance Softboard
  • White PP (polypropylene) slick bottom adds rigidity and strength
  • Colorful soft EPE (expanded Polyethylene) adds comfort and anti slip texture when wet.
Liquid Shredder surfboards are top of the line, custom made soft top surface surfboards and SUPs. They are hand shaped with and a high tech design to offer fast, streamlined performance. Liquid Shredder is designed specifically to be used by everyone, from pro rippers to new surf wave riders. The innovative softcore and surface of Shredder surfboard can bring the thrill of surfing to both kids and beginners.

Heat Laminated Composite Foamies

  • Hand shaped
  • Expanded PolyStyrene (EPS) foam blank with dual wooden stringers for strength and rigidity
  • Expanded Polyethylene (EP) foam deck is soft and forgiving
  • High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) slick bottom for speed and durability

Friday, April 5, 2013

The Latest Innovations in Surf Clothing

Are you looking for the latest innovations in surf clothing? Then you can be assured that this is the right article for you. Trends in surf wear have come from far. In fact, some of the surf clothing sets trends that others follow in terms of their dress sense.
Surfing is becoming more popular and the sense of style that most surfers utilize is sending shockwaves around the globe. This popular culture is typically associated with a style that reflects attitude and a young and laid-back vibe. Most of the new brands that pop up on a daily basis derive their success on how the young (14 to 30 year olds) are receptive of the products.

New Surf Clothing Trends and Labels

Traditional labels are also quite popular even in the modern day scenario. Still, hot new brands are hitting the shelves faster than ever before. They are also giving corporate brands a run for their money.

Favourites in surf clothing include RVCA, Hippy Tree and Freedom Artists. Regardless of the quirky names, the well- constructed products and great styles are bound to catch your attention if you are into the surfing world.

a) Simplicity, Creativity and Durability

As the latest innovations in surf style, these three brands have stayed true to surfing trends and the lifestyle that comes with it. The collections are durable and simple. Additionally, the designs remain creative and do not go overboard.

b) Environmentally Friendly Products

These brands are also environmentally friendly. Most of the items are manufactured using organic and environmentally-friendly materials. Most shorts and shirts come in green, brown and blue- which reflect the real colours of nature.

c) Exotic Footwear

The footwear that comes with the latest innovations in surf clothing will also please your eyes and feet. Sanuk has made its products with the surfer's comfort and style in mind. There are many choices for those who want to look fashionable and still surf comfortably. The footwear also takes the environment into consideration. You will get something in every pattern and design, although earthy tones dominate most surfing footwear collections.

1. T- Shirts

Actually, the latest innovations in surf clothing revolve around t-shirts. Most of these t-shirts are made using cotton material. They also come in a variety of styles and colours and range from long sleeve versions to tank top and short versions.

Fashionable surf wear also has logos of the brand represented and some graphical elements. This ranges from illustrations to photographs.

2. Hoodies and Sweatshirts

These also form an integral part of the new, popular surf wear look. This is especially useful after an early- morning or late evening surf session or when the weather and temperatures cool down.

3. Swim Trunks

Also known as board shorts, swim trunks complete the newest surf clothing look. Some people have gone beyond wearing board shorts at the beach exclusively. This is why they have become common urban street wear.

You can get board shorts in a variety of graphic patterns and colours. They are also available in alternative lengths. Some can be worn above the knee slightly. However, the retro- look has resurfaces meaning that most are much shorter than this. The only thing that has stuck is that board shorts are still made using synthetic and lightweight fabrics that dry quickly and are more flexible.

4. Flip Flops

The latest surf look can only be completed by a pair of flip-flops or slippers. Overall, whether you plan to hit the beach or lay back and relax in the summer heat, you need to choose the right surf clothing that will suit you perfectly.

Wednesday, October 10, 2012

Popular Surfing Locations

Arugam Bay, Ullae (Pottuvil, Sri Lanka)

A small fishing village up to recently only known to some die hard surfers. For which AbaY counted as Asia's Surfing Mecca, ever since the 1960s. Due to Sri Lanka's long civil war this remote half moon shaped Bay has been almost unknown to any other visitors and tourists. The consistent swell, long runs, shark free, permanently warm (28C) crystal clear waters, relaxed life onshore and budget accommodation however has elevated Arugam Bay onto the international surfer's map. In June 2010 ASP (Association of Surfing Professionals) held a successful international competition at A-Bay – as it's known – which was won by Australian Julian Wilson. Arugam Bay is often mentioned to be in the top 10 of the world's surf spots, due to a basket of favorable factors. The average wave height however rarely exceeds 3–4 Meters. Most of the resort was wiped off in the 2004 Tsunami when AbaY suffered a direct hit by a 16–18 Meter wave, caused by its long coral reef located at the Main Surf Point also known as "Upali's" point. Other known surf breaks nearby are Pottuvil Point, Whisky Point, Okanda Bay, Panama, Green Room, Urani. "Arugam Surf" is Sri Lanka's first and rather remarkable, popular Facebook page with 27,000 fans giving almost daily updates of relevant events from the Bay itself.

Bells Beach (Victoria, Australia)

Although the final scene of the film Point Break is set at Bells Beach, the scene was not filmed there. Bells Beach is a straight stretch and the beach in the film is a cove with spruce trees atop a hill. The actual location of the film was a beach called Indian Beach, in Ecola State Park, located in Cannon Beach, Oregon, USA. Bells Beach is visited in the 1966 documentary film The Endless Summer.

Bells Beach is the home of the world's longest-running surfing competition – the Rip Curl Pro Surf & Music Festival. The event was formerly known as the Bells Beach Surf Classic. The competition was first held in January 1961 and then at Easter every year since although occasionally, when conditions at Bells aren't suitable, the competition has been transferred to other breaks such as Johanna.

As early as 1939 surfers from Torquay made their way to Bells but access was a considerable problem until 1960 when Torquay surfers and Olympic wrestler Joe Sweeney hired a bulldozer and cleared a road along the Bells cliff  from the Cobb & Co Road, where the concrete wave now stands, down to the beach. He charged one pound per surfer to recover his expenses. This is now part of the Torquay to Anglesea walking track.

Nearby surf breaks include "Southside", "Centreside", "Rincon", "Winki Pop", (Uppers and Lowers), Boobs and Steps. Although Bells is known internationally as one of the best breaks in Victoria, "Winki Pop" often works better under more diverse conditions than the other nearby breaks.

In 1988 a group of local surfers who were concerned about the human impact that tourism was having on the Bells Beach Surfing Reserve started a group called Surfers Appreciating the Natural Environment. Since 1988 they have met monthly to revegetate the reserve in an effort to bring it back to its original state. They have planted over 100,000 plants there to date.

Jeffreys Bay (Eastern Cape, South Africa)

The break is regarded as one of the best right-hand point breaks in the entire world, in both consistency and quality, in season. It has been divided up into several sections, including, from the top of the point, Kitchen Windows, Magna tubes, Boneyards, Supertubes, Impossibles, Tubes, the Point, and Albatross. "Supertubes", which itself breaks for about 300m or more, is regarded as the best part of the wave. On rare occasions (large wave sizes, wide-breaking waves, and even swells), Boneyards can link up all the way to the Point for a ride over one kilometer long. The most consistent waves occur between about May to mid September, also often coinciding with offshore winds, although good waves can occasionally occur at other times of the year.

The initial discovery and promotion of the wave is curious. Another nearby right hand point wave at St Francis Bay (Bruce's Beauty) was first idolised and promoted in the cult classic surf movie The Endless Summer in the 1960s (although both Jeffreys Bay and St. Francis Bay were probably surfed much earlier). Surfers who travelled to the area soon stumbled upon the nearby Jeffreys Bay surf break, which was found to be not only a faster, more powerful, and hollower wave, but also much more consistent.

La Libertad (El Salvador, Central America)

Surfers in La Libertad. El Salvador is considered a surfers' paradise, having the best waves in the continent, and is considered one of the top ten beaches in the world.

El Puerto is home to one of the best right points in Central America, known for its fast hollow, pulsing, over 30-second ride waves. Punta Roca (also called "La Punta" by local surfers) has been the perfect spot for many known surfers who back in the 1970s discovered the point with only a few local surfers brave enough to venture into its rocky bottom plane. It is known that legend Gerry Lopez, travelled frequently to this surf spot back in the 1970s encouraging a new wave of locals to get into the sport. By the 1980s, El Salvador went through a civil war, and getting to the point was rather dangerous slowing visitors, and with that, a scarcity of surf boards to the locals whose only means of getting a surf board was by travelers leaving them behind in exchange of guidance and accommodations. Local legend, "Yepi" was one the first of his generation to take on full self-support and help maintain the sport, a popular activity among locals. Locals have also been increasing the popularity of the sport throughout the country by offering custom surf tours to tourists and visitors in the region.

The main wave extends from La Punta to the township, a distance of about 800m, although single rides do not normally connect along this whole distance. On a good 6 to 8 feet day (Hawaiian scale), the top part of the point produces the best waves, giving a ride of about 300m or more. The wave features a relatively easy takeoff with long, fast, powerful walls, with longer hollow barrels on the best days. This wave works from about 3 to 12 feet (Hawaiian scale), and can barrel anywhere along the point, but most often closest to the takeoff area. The main takeoff is close to a dangerous rock which often sticks out of the water, and has caused injuries. It works on all tides, although low tide probably has more barrels. The wave is unusual in that it often breaks at a slight angle to the shoreline, hitting it slightly squarely, creating powerful and fast walls. It can be difficult to get out the back in large swells, and the rocky shoreline is notorious for its rather difficult entry.

Further down the point are a few other breaks, including next to the cemetery and in the town itself. These are less crowded and can produce waist-high waves on occasions, but the world-class section of the point is way on the outside.

Other surf spots around the region include: Conchalio, La Paz, San Diego, EL Zunzal, La Bocana, El Zonte

Mavericks (California, U.S.A.)

The famous break of Mavericks

Maverick's or Mavericks is a world-famous surfing location in Northern California. It is located approximately one-half mile (0.8 km) from shore in Pillar Point Harbor, just North of Half Moon Bay at the village of Princeton-By-The-Sea. After a strong winter storm in the Northern Pacific Ocean, waves can routinely crest at over 25 feet (8m) and top out at over 50 feet (15m). The break is caused by an unusually-shaped underwater rock formation.

Pipeline (Oahu, Hawaii)

Pipeline is a surf reef break located in Hawaii, off Ehukai Beach Park in Pupukea on O'ahu's North Shore. The spot is notorious and famous for its huge waves breaking in shallow water just above its sharp and cavernous reef, forming large, hollow and thick curls of water that surfers can ride inside of. There are three reefs at Pipeline in progressively deeper water further out to sea that activate at various power levels applied by ocean swells.

Teahupo Ľo (Tahiti)

Teahupo Ľo (pronounced cho-po) is a world-renowned surfing location off the South West of the island of Tahiti, French Polynesia, southern Pacific Ocean. It is known for its heavy, glassy waves, often reaching 2 to 3 m (7 to 10 ft) and higher. It is the site of the annual Billabong Pro Tahiti surf competition, part of the World Championship Tour (WCT) of the ASP World Tour professional surfing circuit.

Zicatela Beach (Mexican Pipeline)

Zicatela is a beach located in the town of Puerto Escondido, Oaxaca. Nicknamed the "Mexican Pipeline" due to the similar power and shape of the Banzai Pipeline on the North Shore of Oahu, the wave that breaks on Zicatela Beach draws an international crowd of surfers, bodyboarders and their entourages. Mid to late summer is low season for tourists, but a prime time for waves and international tournaments. A number of international competitions such as the ESPN X Games, and the MexPipe Challenge have taken place.

Costa da Caparica (Almada, Portugal)

A surfer at Caparica Beaches, in Portugal.

Caparica Beaches are popular Atlantic beaches located on Portugal's Almada coast, near Lisbon. The Caparica Coast, with part of the Protected Landscape of the Ancient Beach of Costa da Caparica, is visible the Convent of the Capuchos. The beach has preferred surfing conditions and is also popular for windsurfing, and kitesurfing. The International Surf Center is based in Caparica.

Supertubos (Peniche, Portugal)

The little fishing town of Peniche it’s probably the most renowned surfing area in the country. Originally an island, Peniche became one with the mainland due to the silting up of the shallow channel that divided it from the rest of the country. Today that short and narrow spit of land contains an obscene amount of wave variety that can provide the goods in almost any conditions. Most famous is Supertubos, regarded by many as one of Europe’s best beach breaks, but there are plenty of other barrels to pull into around Peniche. Peniche is a year round destination with swell exposure on the north side of the town and shelter on the south. The town also sits at the dividing point between the cooler and wetter north and the dry, sunny south meaning that summers are long but tempered by cool sea breezes and the winters mild though occasionally stormy. Supertubos is considered the best wave in Portugal and one of the best in Europe. It is a fast and tubular wave which breaks on a hollow sand bank. It works best with SW swells and N, NE or NW winds. Andy Irons, Kelly Slater and Mick Fanning made frequent appearances in the Supertubos surf competitions. Know the local Surfers

Surf Clothing Brands

Given below are some popular surf clothing brands:

•    Adio
•    Animal
•    AussieBum
•    Billabong
•    Body Glove
•    DC Shoes
•    Element Skateboards
•    Famous Stars and Straps
•    Globe International
•    Gul (clothing)
•    Hang Ten
•    Hurley International
•    Kanvas by Katin
•    Mambo Graphics
•    Nixon Watches
•    O'Neill
•    Oakley, Inc.
•    Ocean & Earth
•    Ocean Pacific
•    Onda
•    Oxbow
•    Pacific Brands
•    Piping Hot
•    Quiksilver
•    Reef
•    Rip Curl
•    Ron Jon Surf Shop
•    RVCA
•    Stussy
•    The Realm
•    Two Seasons
•    Vans
•    Volcom

Surfing Terms

About the water:

 •    Beach break: An area where waves that are good enough to surf break just off of a beach, or on a sandbar further out
•    Blown out: When waves that would otherwise be good have been rendered too choppy by wind
•    Bomb: An exceptionally large set wave
•    Choppy, chop: Waves that are subjected to cross winds have a rough surface (chop) and do not break cleanly
•    Close-out: A wave is said to be "closed-out" when it breaks at every position along the face at once, and therefore cannot be surfed
•    Face: The forward-facing surface of a breaking wave
•    Flat: No waves
•    Glassy: When the waves (and general surface of the water) are extremely smooth and glossy, not disturbed by wind
•    Gnarly: Large, difficult and dangerous (usually applied to waves)
•    Line-up: The area where most of the waves are starting to break and where most surfers are positioned in order to catch a wave
•    Off the hook: A positive phrase meaning the waves are a very good size and shape
•    Outside: The part of the water's surface that is further from the shore than the area where most of the waves are breaking.
•    Point break: Area where an underwater rocky point creates waves that are suitable for surfing
•    Sections: The parts of a breaking wave that are rideable
•    Set waves: A group of waves of larger size within a swell
•    Shoulder: The unbroken part of the wave
•    Surf's up: A phrase used when there are waves worth surfing (sometimes there is nothing to ride because the ocean is flat)
•    Swell: A series of waves that have traveled from their source in a distant storm, and that will start to break once the swell reaches shallow enough water
•    Whitewater: After the wave has finished breaking, it continues on as a ridge of turbulence and foam, the whitewater

Techniques & Maneuvers:

•    Air/Aerial: Riding the board briefly into the air above the wave, landing back upon the wave, and continuing to ride
•    Bail: To step off of the board in order to avoid being knocked off (a wipe out)
•    Bottom turn: The first turn at the bottom of the wave
•    Carve: Turns (often accentuated)
•    Caught inside: When a surfer is paddling out and cannot get past the breaking surf to the safer part of the ocean (the outside) in order to find a wave to ride
•    Cutback: A turn cutting back toward the breaking part of the wave
•    Drop in: Dropping into (engaging) the wave, most often as part of standing up
•    Duck dive: Pushing the board underwater, nose first, and diving under an oncoming wave instead of riding it
•    Fade: On take-off, aiming toward the breaking part of the wave, before turning sharply and surfing in the direction the wave is breaking
•    Fins-free snap (or "fins out"): A sharp turn where the surfboard's fins slide off the top of the wave
•    Floater: Riding up on the top of the breaking part of the wave, and coming down with it
•    Goofy foot: Surfing with the left foot on the back of board (less common than regular foot)
•    Hang Heels: Facing backwards and putting the surfers' heels out over the edge of a longboard
•    Hang-five/hang ten: Putting five or ten toes respectively over the nose of a longboard
•    Off the Top: A turn on the top of a wave, either sharp or carving
•    Pearl: Accidentally driving the nose of the board underwater, generally ending the ride
•    Pop-up: Going from lying on the board to standing, all in one jump
•    Pump: An up/down carving movement that generates speed along a wave
•    Re-entry: Hitting the lip vertically and re-reentering the wave in quick succession.
•    Regular/Natural foot: Surfing with the right foot on the back of the board
•    Rolling, Turtle Roll: Flipping a longboard up-side-down, nose first and pulling through a breaking or broken wave when paddling out to the line-up (a turtle roll is an alternative to a duck dive)
•    Smack the Lip / Hit the Lip: After performing a bottom turn, moving upwards to hit the peak of the wave, or area above the face of the wave.
•    Snaking, drop in on, cut off, or "burn": When a surfer who doesn't have the right of way steals a wave from another surfer by taking off in front of someone who is closer to the peak (this is considered inappropriate)
•    Snaking/Back-Paddling: Stealing a wave from another surfer by paddling around the person's back to get into the best position
•    Snap: A quick, sharp turn off the top of a wave
•    Soul arch: Arching the back to demonstrate casual confidence when riding a wave
•    Stall: Slowing down by shifting weight to the tail of the board or putting a hand in the water. Often used to stay in the tube during a tube ride
•    Switch-foot: Having equal ability to surf regular foot or goofy foot (i.e. left foot forward or right foot forward), like being ambidextrous
•    Take-off: The start of a ride
•    Tandem surfing: Two people riding one board. Usually the smaller person is balanced above (often held up above) the other person
•    Tube riding/Getting barreled: Riding inside the hollow curl of a wave


•    Over the falls: When a surfer falls off the board and the wave sucks him or her up in a circular motion along with the lip of the wave. Also referred to as the "wash cycle", being "pitched over" and being "sucked over"
•    Wipe out: Falling off, or being knocked off, the surfboard when riding a wave
•    Rag dolled: When underwater, the power of the wave can shake the surfer around as if he/she were a rag doll

About People:

•    Grom/Grommet: A young surfer
•    Hang-loose: Generally meaning "catch that wave" or "well done". This message can be sent by raising a hand with the thumb and pinkie fingers up while the index, middle and ring fingers remain folded over the palm, then twisting the wrist back and forth as if waving goodbye, see shaka sign
•    Kook: A wanna-be surfer of limited skill

About the Board:

For more details on surfboards, see Surfboard.
•    Blank: The block from which a surfboard is created
•    Deck: The upper surface of the board
•    Ding: A dent or hole in the surface of the board resulting from accidental damage
•    Fin or Fins: Fin-shaped inserts on the underside of the back of the board that enable the board to be steered
•    Leash: A cord that is attached to the back of the board, the other end of which wraps around the surfer's ankle
•    Nose: The forward tip of the board
•    Quiver: A surfer's collection of boards for different kinds of waves
•    Rails: The side edges of the surfboard
•    Rocker: How concave the surface of the board is from nose to tail
•    Tail: The back end of the board
•    Wax: Specially formulated surf wax that is applied to upper surface of the board to increase the traction so the surfer's feet do not slip off of the board

Surf Clothing


Boardshorts are a style of men's and, recently, women's summerwear. They were originally developed for aquatic sports, specifically for surfing, but in more recent years they have grown in popularity outside of these sports, and have become a popular form of general beach and summerwear.

The name of "boardshorts" originates from their affiliation with aquatic sports that use a board, such as surfing. They are sometimes called "boardies" in slang, especially in Australia, and "baggies" in South Africa.

Boardshorts are especially popular in North America and spread beyond surfing especially as the skater punk fashion trend got underway. They are also typically worn in men's beach volleyball. They are less popular in other parts of the world, where other suit styles are preferred.

Use & Design

Boardshorts are designed to be quick-drying, and are generally made from smooth polyester or nylon material. They are durable and hold up to wear from contact with a surfboard, yet are comfortable and light-weight. They are well-adapted to their use in various active watersports.

Boardshorts do not have an elastic waist like many swim shorts do; instead they have a more rigid waistband which opens at the front, often with a velcro fly. The waistband is also held together at the front with a lace-up tie. This double fail-safe system is in order to ensure that the shorts cannot be pulled off the body by the force of the wave when a surfer is tumbled under water during a wipeout. Another common feature of authentic surfing boardshort design is a very small pocket sealed with velcro and vented with a grommet. This is designed to be a secure place to carry a car key or house key while in the water.

Boardshorts are normally longer than many shorts or form-fitting speedo styles of swimwear, and sometimes they have a baggy appearance. Boardshorts are longer than normal shorts for one major reason: surfboards are covered with a layer of sticky wax, which allows the surfer to stand on the board without slipping off. However, this wax can rip leg hair off the surfer when he is sitting on the board waiting for waves. Long boardshorts cover the back of the leg when sitting on the board, preventing the wax from ripping at the leg hair. The length of boardshorts is also affected according to fashion trends; ranging from mid-thigh (old school) to below the knee, covering the entire knee. In the 2000s, boardshorts often are worn low in the back, exposing the top of the buttocks. Many designs of board shorts use vibrant color, Hawaiian floral images and highlighted stitching; however not all boardshorts have these features.

Although the basic design for boardshorts remains largely the same, some manufacturers have taken advantage of new technology. Because surfers and other water-sports enthusiasts commonly wear boardshorts without underwear, one of the major complaints has been about the use of velcro for the fly closure which tends to entangle pubic hair. A solution that some manufactures have come up with is to use a neoprene fly, which does not allow the fly to completely open, but provides enough stretch so that the shorts can be easily pulled on and off. Pubic hair does not get caught on the neoprene fly. To remedy another common complaint, about boardshorts stitching in the inseam area which would rub directly against the wearer's skin, many manufacturers switched to a seamless design, or use welding or glue, rather than stitches. Although it is very common for boardshorts to be worn as is, some male wearers prefer to wear compression shorts, boxers, a jockstrap or briefs under them. Some female wearers wear a swimsuit or bikini bottom under them.

Some style of Mixed Martial Arts shorts were developed from boardshorts.

Rash Guard:

A rash guard, also known as rash vest or rashie, is a type of water wear, an athletic shirt made of spandex and nylon or polyester. The name rash guard reflects the fact that the shirt protects the wearer against rashes caused by abrasion. These shirts can be worn by themselves, or under a wetsuit. A rash guard by itself is used for light coverage in warm to extreme summer temperatures for several watersports including surfing, scuba diving, snorkelling, freediving, wakeboarding, body surfing, body boarding, windsurfing, kitesurfing, kayaking, or simply for stand up paddle surfing or swimming. There are also lower body rash guards, which are similar to compression shorts to be worn under the surfers' boardshorts, but more specialized for surfers.

Rash guards are most often worn in surfing when the weather is too warm for a wetsuit, and to prevent wax-based chafing from sliding on and off of the surf board, on either the torso, or the legs. A surfboard's wax holds sand from the beach that could rub against a surfer's torso while paddling out to the break, or legs while sitting atop one's board. Rash guards also offer some protection from the sun (measured by its Ultraviolet Protection Factor) and slight protection against jelly fish stings and are sometimes worn under wetsuits to prevent chafing. A rash guard helps to prevent irritation caused by rapid impact with surface water and waves as well.

Rash guards are thought to have originated in Australia, where they are commonly referred to as "rashies" or "rashys." Variations of the rash guard have made their way into many other sports including baseball, American football, water polo, Brazilian Jiu Jitsu, and Mixed Martial Arts.

Other important components of a rash guard include flatlock stitching, and six panel construction. Flatlock stitching creates a seam where the seam allowances lies flat to the garment instead of hanging loose from it. It is made by adjusting the overlock or the thread overedge stitch. Flatlock stitching increases the strength of the garment for intense exercise or recreational activities. Six panel construction versus the conventional 4 panel tee shirt construction allows the user increased mobility wet or dry.

The combination of products used to construct a rash guard differ slightly depending on the designer. The use of nylon and spandex create a garment that is lightweight, quick drying, flexible, durable, naturally antibacterial and water wicking.


A wetsuit is a garment, usually made of foamed neoprene, which is worn by surfers, divers, windsurfers, canoeists, and others engaged in water sports, providing thermal insulation, abrasion resistance and buoyancy. The insulation properties depend on bubbles of gas enclosed within the material, which reduce its ability to conduct heat. The bubbles also give the wetsuit a low density, providing buoyancy in water.

The layer of warm water normally trapped between the suit and the skin provides very little thermal insulation, contrary to popular beliefs regarding wetsuits.

Hugh Bradner, a University of California, Berkeley physicist invented the modern wetsuit in 1951. Wetsuits became available in the mid-1950s and evolved as the relatively fragile foamed neoprene was first backed, and later sandwiched, with thin sheets of tougher material such as nylon or later Lycra/Spandex. Improvements in the way joints in the wetsuit were made by gluing, taping and blind stitching, helped the suit to remain waterproof and reduce flushing, the replacement of water trapped between suit and body by cold water from the outside. Further improvements in the seals at the neck, wrists and ankles produced a suit known as a "semi-dry".

Different types of wetsuit are made for different uses and for different temperatures. Suits range from a thin (2 mm or less) "shortie", covering just the torso, to a full 8 mm semi-dry, usually complemented by neoprene boots, gloves and hood.

Types of Wetsuit

Wetsuits come in different thicknesses depending on the conditions for which it is intended. The thicker the suit, the warmer it will keep the wearer. Because wetsuits offer significant protection from jellyfish, coral, sunburn and other hazards, many divers opt to wear a thin suit which provides minimal insulation (often called a "bodysuit") even when the water is warm enough to comfortably forego insulating garments. A thick suit is stiff, so mobility is restricted; at a certain thickness the suit would become impractical, which is why drysuits must be worn in particularly cold environments. A wetsuit is normally described in terms of its thickness. For instance, a wetsuit with a torso thickness of 5 mm and a limb thickness of 3 mm will be described as a "5/3". With new technologies the neoprene is getting more flexible. Modern 4/3 wetsuits, for instance, may feel as flexible as a 3/2 of only a few years ago. Some suits have extra layers added for key areas such as the lower back.

Different shapes of wetsuit are available, in order of coverage:

A sleeveless vest, covering only the torso, provides minimal coverage. Some include an attached hood. These are not intended to be worn alone, but rather as an extra layer over or under a longer wetsuit.

A jacket covers the torso and arms, with little to no coverage for the legs. Some jackets have short leg sleeves like a shorty, others feature leg holes similar to a woman's swimsuit. A third style, the beavertail or bodysuit, which was quite popular until the 1980s, had a flap which closed over the crotch and attached at the front with a fastener. It was worn with (over) or without a long john.
A shorty or spring suit covers the torso and has short sleeves and long or short legs.
A long john, johnny, johnny suit, or farmer john/jane (depending on the gender the suit is designed for) covers the torso and legs only; it resembles a bib overall, hence the nickname.
A full suit or steamer covers the torso and the full length of the arms and legs.

Some suits are arranged in two parts; the jacket and long johns can be worn separately in mild conditions or worn together to provide two layers of insulation around the torso in cold conditions. Typically, two-piece cold water wetsuits have 10 to 14 mm of material around the torso and 5 to 7 mm for the extremities.

Wetsuits that fit too tightly can cause difficulty breathing or even acute cardiac failure so a proper fit is important.

A specialized kind of wetsuit, with a very smooth (and somewhat delicate) outer surface is used for long distance swimming and triathlon. These are designed to maximize the mobility of the limbs while providing both warmth and buoyancy.

Heated wetsuits are also being tested and will soon be available on the market. These suits have special heating panels integrated in the back of the wetsuit. The power for heating comes from batteries also integrated into the wetsuit.

Smaller wetsuits are even made for children in many sizes, types, and thicknesses.


Accessories to the basic suit include gloves, boots and hoods, for additional insulation and environmental protection, pockets for holding small items and equipment, and knee-pads, to protect the knee area from abrasion and tearing, usually used by working divers.

Usually a wetsuit has no covering for the feet or head, and the diver must wear separate neoprene booties and hood.

Using Hoods: in the thermal balance of the human body, the heat loss over the head is at least 20% of the whole balance. Thus, for the sake of thermal protection of the diver, wearing a well-fitting hood is good practice, even at fairly moderate water temperatures. Hoods have been reported to cause claustrophobia in a minority of users, sometimes due to poor fit.

Surfing Equipment:

Surfing can be done on various equipment, including surfboards, longboards, Stand Up Paddle boards (SUP's), bodyboards, wave skis, skimboards, kneeboards, surf mats and macca's trays.

Surfboards were originally made of solid wood and were large and heavy (often up to 12 ft or 3.7 m long and 150 lb or 68 kg). Lighter balsa wood surfboards (first made in the late 1940s and early 1950s) were a significant improvement, not only in portability, but also in increasing maneuverability.

Most modern surfboards are made of polyurethane foam (PU), with one or more wooden strips or "stringers", fiberglass cloth, and polyester resin (PE). An emerging board material is epoxy resin and Expanded Polystyrene foam (EPS) which is stronger and lighter than traditional PU/PE construction. Even newer designs incorporate materials such as carbon fiber and variable-flex composites in conjunction with fiberglass and epoxy or polyester resins.

Since epoxy/EPS surfboards are generally lighter, they will float better than a traditional PU/PE board of similar size, shape and thickness. This makes them easier to paddle and faster in the water. However, a common complaint of EPS boards is that they do not provide as much feedback as a traditional PU/PE board. For this reason, many advanced surfers prefer that their surfboards be made from traditional materials.

Other equipment includes a leash (to stop the board from drifting away after a wipeout, and to prevent it from hitting other surfers), surf wax, traction pads (to keep a surfer's feet from slipping off the deck of the board), and fins (also known as skegs) which can either be permanently attached (glassed-on) or interchangeable.

Sportswear designed or particularly suitable for surfing may be sold as boardwear (the term is also used in snowboarding). In warmer climates, swimsuits, surf trunks or boardshorts are worn, and occasionally rash guards; in cold water surfers can opt to wear wetsuits, boots, hoods, and gloves to protect them against lower water temperatures. A newer introduction is a rash vest with a thin layer of titanium to provide maximum warmth without compromising mobility.

There are many different surfboard sizes, shapes, and designs in use today. Modern longboards, generally 9 to 10 feet (3.0 m) in length, are reminiscent of the earliest surfboards, but now benefit from modern innovations in surfboard shaping and fin design. Competitive longboard surfers need to be competent at traditional walking maneuvers, as well as the short-radius turns normally associated with shortboard surfing.

The modern shortboard began life in the late 1960s and has evolved into today's common thruster style, defined by its three fins, usually around 6 to 7 feet (1.8 to 2.1 m) in length. The thruster was invented by Australian shaper Simon Anderson.

Midsize boards, often called funboards, provide more maneuverability than a longboard, with more floation than a shortboard. While many surfers find that funboards live up to their name, providing the best of both surfing modes, others are critical.

"It is the happy medium of mediocrity," writes Steven Kotler. "Funboard riders either have nothing left to prove or lack the skills to prove anything.

There are also various niche styles, such as the Egg, a longboard-style short board targeted for people who want to ride a shortboard but need more paddle power. The Fish, a board which is typically shorter, flatter, and wider than a normal shortboard, often with a split tail (known as a swallow tail). The Fish often has two or four fins and is specifically designed for surfing smaller waves. For big waves there is the Gun, a long, thick board with a pointed nose and tail (known as a pin tail) specifically designed for big waves.